The rural lifestyle dependent on hunting and/or agriculture has been the primary socio-cultural preference among civilizations throughout almost all of human history. The early 1800’s saw only 3% of the worlds population living in cities, 150 years later that number had jump to 30%. In 2008 the world’s population was recorded to be equally split between urban and rural areas. It is projected that by 2050, 70 percent of the world’s population will be living in cities. The majority of this growth will be experienced in less developed countries.
Advancements in technology, healthcare, access to food, water, shelter and a milieu of other modern amenities have made city life a far more poignant choice than it had been in the past however, to what consequence.
India, the sub-continent has had a crucial influence on the global climate in the areas of medicine, technology and socio-cultural evolution for centuries. More still, India now provides a model for human socio-culturally evolution under the pressures of population growth.
Kammatipaadam, a film from the Indian State of Kerala – highest English literacy rate in India at 94%, highest life expectancy at 78 years, lowest population growth at 3.4%– artfully depicts the possible effects of urbanizations coming from the perspective of one of the most governmentally successful states in India.
This time around Arjun’s Arrow speaks with Shaun Romy, about her lead role in the film and its stark rendition of urbanization and its effects on the Dalit communities of India.
A. Peter Bailey is an acclaimed Journalist, Author, and Lecturer. He was a founding member of The Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU), organized in 1964 by Brother Malcolm X. Bailey was editor of the OAAU newsletter, Blacklash. He was one of the last few persons to speak with Brother Malcolm X on the day of his assassination (February 21, 1965) and served as one of the pallbearers at his funeral. He has contributed to numerous books, articles, and documentaries about the celebrated leader. Bailey has lectured at over thirty-five colleges and universities throughout the country on Brother Malcolm X. He has also lectured on Harlem, the Civil Rights Movement, the Black Press and several other topics in which he draws from his vast reservoir of historical and cultural knowledge and uses his powerful voice to inform, educate, and inspire.
Bailey, a former editor of Ebony magazine, is the author ofWitnessing Brother Malcolm X, The Master Teacher:A Memoir, Harlem: Precious Memories, Great Expectations, co-author ofRevelations: The Autobiography of Alvin Ailey with Alvin Ailey and co-author of Seventh Child: A Family Memoir of Malcolm X with Rodnell P. Collins (nephew of Malcolm X). He assisted John Henrik Clarke with the editing of Malcolm X: The Man and His Times. While Associate Director of The Black Theatre Alliance (BTA), Bailey edited the BTA Newsletter. He has also contributed articles to numerous publications including Essence, Black Enterprise, Jet Magazine, the New York Times, the Negro Digest, Black World, The Black Collegian, and the New York Daily News.
Bailey, born in Columbus, Georgia and raised in Tuskegee, Alabama, attended Howard University. He currently resides in Washington, D.C. where he has taught Communication courses as an Adjunct Professor and conducted workshops on writing memoirs and autobiographies. Bailey currently writes a column for the Trice Edney News Wire.
I Am Not Your Negro examines an American society whose moral identity is based on the maintenance of a dehumanized underclass. Director Raoul Peck uses the works of James Baldwin, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King and Medgar Evers to elicit an understanding of the current era's plight.
Nearly 2,700 years ago the Doctor Suśruta authored the text Suśruta-saṃhitā, a keystone text in Ayurveda, a system of medicine founded in India.
The text went on to become foundational to the practices of modern medicine with 184 chapters that analyzed over 1,200 illnesses, 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources. The Saṃhitā further examines surgical practice detailing the removal of internal foreign bodies, dentistry, extraction and transplantation of organs and glands, hernia treatment, intestinal failure and obstruction, caesarian section, osteology and the gamut physiological conditions.
Suśruta is perhaps best known for being recorded as the first physician to successfully perform a cataract surgery.
In the Samhita’s references to proper practice in the art and science of medicine; prevention, diagnosis and treatment of ailments plaguing the physical, spiritual and mental condition are practiced systematically, adjusted based on the individuals medical history and lifestyle.
Despite its use for thousands of years, Ayurveda has been reduced to being labeled as, “alternative medicine” or, “holistic medicine,” when in fact; it is a principal of modern medical science.
Of course, medicine has changed; technology and productivity have been major contributing factors to the changes. However the feasibility of over diagnosis, over prescription and over addiction in the United States, where three out of five American Adults are on at least one prescription drug and the number of adults taking five or more prescription drugs has jumped from 8% to nearly 20% since 2015 the question begs why have historical sciences, not been given tenure in the healthcare world, despite their proven effectiveness. Dr. Uma Dhanabalan dives into the subject.
Citizens from across the nation gather in New York for the annual celebrations of late revolutionary leader Malcolm X. City of Boston recognizes Malcolm's Legacy and annual commemoration.
This May 19th, U.S. and Global Citizens began celebrations at the burial site of Malcolm X at the Ferncliff Cemetery in New York. Rituals at the gravesite featured in the above video include:
The Empty Chair - An African tradition in which a chair is left empty in honor of a leader who has passed.
Black Nationals Flag Recognition- A result of the of the Garvey movement that both Malcolm's Parents lead, Red represents the blood of the people lost, Black the people, the core and the strength and Green the fertile land.
Elder Speakers- Dr. Leonard Jeffries, Nana Kwaku-Duah Asante Ghana, recognized as a divisional chief in the Asante Kingdom of Ghana. Professor James Small, professor of Africana Studies and one of the original founders of the celebration.
The City of Boston has officially recognized Malcolm's Legacy. The document below encourages protocol commemoration of Malcolm X to begin May 19th 2018.
Explore our stellar neighborhood as Aerospace Research Engineer Nalin A. Ratnayake discusses his new book Red Soil Through Our Fingers, and the implications behind surviving and thriving in the farther reaches of space.
Blast off on your drive home listening to this podcast episode!
After Listening: Check out GoogleMars and see if you can locate any of the real life Martian destinations that serve as a setting for the book.
Prior to feeling the call to become an educator, Nalin A Ratnayake was a aerospace propulsion research engineer. He holds a B.S.E. and M.S. in Aerospace Engineering and has published 11 peer-reviewed technical papers on supersonic air-breathing propulsion, environmentally responsible aviation technologies, and advanced access-to-space systems.
After changing careers, Nalin completed an M.Ed. through the Boston Teacher Residency, focusing his studies on the connections between scientific literacy and social justice, particularly in the context of urban schools and communities.
After five years of teaching Physics and Engineering at an urban public high school in Boston, Nalin recently returned to research engineering, at a research center near Norfolk, Virgina.
Nalin writes fiction under the name N.A. Ratnayake. His speculative fiction has appeared in Crossed Genres Magazine as well as the post-colonial SF anthology We See A Different Frontier. His short story Remembering Turinam received an honorable mention in Gardner Dozois’s The Year’s Best Science Fiction, Thirty-First Edition.
Though later a New Englander and presently a resident of the Hampton Roads region of Virginia, Nalin was born and raised in the American West — a region whose history and character continue to strongly influence his writing. The mountains, rains, coasts, and deserts of the West have been the backdrop for a rich interplay of conquest, struggle, identity, and hope. These themes often emerge entangled in Nalin’s fiction.
As an engineer, writer, and educator, Nalin is strongly committed to exploring ideas for creating a more positive and sustainable future for all people.
The City of Boston's groundbreaking archeological dig gives insight into the history of Boston's Roxbury neighborhood.
Uncovering a plethora of artifacts, City of Boston archeologist Joe Bagley reveals a centuries old story beginning with the geological formations that provided the foundation for human rights leader Malcolm X and the people living in the area today.
Enjoy a sneak peak virtual tour inside the Malcolm X Ella Little Collins House at the end of the clip!
Playback technology enables guests to have real time conversations with someone now dead.
Using archive clips, Malcolm X and Nephew Rodnell Collins have a conversation in the Boston home they once shared. Reunited they discuss; Islam in America, human rights and the meaning behind, “by any means necessary.”
Host: Adam Fowler
Rodnell Collins is the owner and developer of the Malcolm X Ella Collins House and Author of Seventh Child: A Family Memoir of Malcolm X