Nearly 2,700 years ago the Doctor Suśruta authored the text Suśruta-saṃhitā, a keystone text in Ayurveda, a system of medicine founded in India.
The text went on to become foundational to the practices of modern medicine with 184 chapters that analyzed over 1,200 illnesses, 700 medicinal plants, 64 preparations from mineral sources and 57 preparations based on animal sources. The Saṃhitā further examines surgical practice detailing the removal of internal foreign bodies, dentistry, extraction and transplantation of organs and glands, hernia treatment, intestinal failure and obstruction, caesarian section, osteology and the gamut physiological conditions.
Suśruta is perhaps best known for being recorded as the first physician to successfully perform a cataract surgery.
In the Samhita’s references to proper practice in the art and science of medicine; prevention, diagnosis and treatment of ailments plaguing the physical, spiritual and mental condition are practiced systematically, adjusted based on the individuals medical history and lifestyle.
Despite its use for thousands of years, Ayurveda has been reduced to being labeled as, “alternative medicine” or, “holistic medicine,” when in fact; it is a principal of modern medical science.
Of course, medicine has changed; technology and productivity have been major contributing factors to the changes. However the feasibility of over diagnosis, over prescription and over addiction in the United States, where three out of five American Adults are on at least one prescription drug and the number of adults taking five or more prescription drugs has jumped from 8% to nearly 20% since 2015 the question begs why have historical sciences, not been given tenure in the healthcare world, despite their proven effectiveness. Dr. Uma Dhanabalan dives into the subject.